Recalls, warnings, label changes
A label change to ondansetron (Zofran) after a clinical study suggested that a 32-mg single intravenous dose may cause QT interval prolongation. The updated label will state that ondansetron can continue to be used in adults and children with chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting at the lower intravenous dose recommended in the drug label, 0.15 mg/kg administered every 4 hours for three doses; however, no single intravenous dose should exceed 16 mg.
A change in the label of cefepime to remind prescribers about the need to adjust the dosage in patients with renal impairment, after reports of nonconvulsive status epilepticus associated with use of cefepime in such patients.
A recall of one lot of vecuronium bromide for injection and three lots of leucovorin calcium due to discovery of particulate matter in a small number of vials. Potential adverse reactions include vein irritation and phlebitis, clinically occult pulmonary granulomas, local tissue infarction, severe pulmonary dysfunction, occlusion of capillaries and arteries, anaphylactic shock and death.
A change in the expiration date for Advanced Sterilization Products Sterrad Cyclesure 24 biological indicator after an FDA review showed that the indicators cannot effectively monitor the sterilization process throughout the indicated 15-month shelf life. Instead, the product may be used with a six-month shelf life.
An expanded recall of Sigma Spectrum infusion pumps due to the risk of over-infusion. The units may fail suddenly without an alarm, potentially resulting in serious injury or death.
A recall of Nidek Medical Products Nuvo oxygen concentrators because a capacitor component inside the concentrators has failed in some instances, resulting in residential and nursing home fires and loss of supplemental oxygen supply.
A recall of CareFusion's AirLife infant breathing circuit because the Y-adapter could develop cracks during patient use, potentially resulting in a leak in the closed ventilation system and a loss in the intended tidal volume.
A recall and software update of the FLOW-i Anesthesia Systems. If the MAN/AUTO switch was not fully engaged in an ON or OFF position, but rather was placed in an in- between position for more than five seconds, a technical alarm may have been generated.
A warning on the Onyx liquid embolic system about the risk of catheter entrapment, which can have complications including hemorrhage and death. Physicians should select patients carefully for this therapy and be prepared to emergently treat serious complications.
Lorcaserin hydrochloride (Belviq), for chronic weight management in adults with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or greater, or adults with a BMI of 27 kg/m2 or greater who have at least one weight-related condition such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, or dyslipidemia. Safety and efficacy were evaluated in three trials of nearly 8,000 obese and overweight patients. All received a reduced-calorie diet and exercise counseling. Compared with placebo, treatment for up to one year was associated with average weight loss of 3% to 3.7%. The most common side effects are headache, dizziness, fatigue, nausea, dry mouth and constipation in non-diabetic patients and hypoglycemia, headache, back pain, cough and fatigue in diabetic patients. The drug activates the serotonin C receptor and should not be used during pregnancy. Treatment may cause serious side effects, including serotonin syndrome.
Mirabegron (Myrbetriq), to treat overactive bladder. The extended-release tablet is taken once daily and improves the storage capacity of the bladder. Safety and efficacy were demonstrated in three trials with more than 4,000 patients taking doses of 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, or a placebo. The 25-mg and 50-mg doses effectively reduced the number of times a patient urinated and the number of wetting accidents. The most common side effects were increased blood pressure, nasopharyngitis, urinary tract infection, constipation, fatigue, tachycardia and abdominal pain. Mirabegron is not recommended for patients with severe uncontrolled high blood pressure, end-stage kidney disease or severe liver impairment.